APA

APA Citation Style, 6th edition (2010)
with notes added from organization web site at http://www.apastyle.org/apa-style-help.aspx
The APA Blog also has several suggestions for additional formats
For additional citation assistance, please visit the online version of
The Bedford Handbook
Database Item Online Book Web Site Electronic Reserves
Online newspaper YouTube video Online Magazine
ERIC Document DVD/Movie Blog HELP! (contact a librarian)
 

 

Database Item
Basic Instructions:
Author. (Year). Title. Journal Title, volume(issue if
        the periodical starts with page one in each journal),
        pages. doi
  
Example:
Andrade, M. S., & Bunker, E. L. (2009, May). A model
     for self-regulated distance language learning.
     Distance Education, 30(1), 47-61. 
     doi:10.1080/01587910902845956
 If the doi is difficult to locate, visit http://www.crossref.org and use the guest search to find the doi.
 
Online Book
Basic Instructions:

Author/editor. (Year). Title (edition), Producer (optional).
        Retrieved from URL

Example: Holland, N. N. (1992). The Critical I. Retrieved
     from http://web.clas.ufl.edu/nnh/criti.htm
 
Web Site
Basic Instructions:

Author/editor. (Date). Title (edition). Retrieved from URL

Example: Jones, D. (1999, July 26). The de Grummond
     children’s literature collection.
Retrieved
     from http://avatar.lib.usm.edu/~degrum/
 
Electronic Reserves (Article)
Basic Instructions:

Author. (year). Article title. Journal Title, Volume, Page
       numbers. Retrieved from electronic reserves URL

 

Example: Wilson, L., & Horch, H. (2002) What brain research
     says: Implications of brain research for
     teaching young adolescents.  Middle School
     Journal, 34
, 57-61.  Retrieved from
     http://reserves.pace.edu
 
Online newspaper

Basic Instructions:

Author. (Year, month day). Title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved
        from URL

 

Example: McAteer, M. J. (1999, May 17). Animals benefit from
     alternative medicine. The Washington Post.
     Retrieved from http://washingtonpost.com
 
YouTube video
Basic Instructions:

Author. (Year, Month day). Title [Video file]. Retrieved
       from URL

 

Example: CSPAN. (2009, January 20). President Barack Obama
     2009 Inauguration and Address
[Video file].
     Retrieved from
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjnygQ02aW4
 
Online Magazine
Basic Instructions:

Author. (year, month day for weeklies - month for monthlies).
        Title. Magazine Title, volume (if available), pages (if
        available)
. Retrieved from URL

Example: Tyre, P. (2007, Nov. 16). Standardized tests in
     college? Newsweek. Retrieved from 
     http://www.newsweek.com/id/70750?tid=relatedcl
 
 
Online Encyclopedia
Basic Instructions:

Author (if no author, title). (Date). Title of entry. Title of
        Encyclopedia.
 Publisher's location: Publisher.
        Retrieved from URL

Example: Alvin Ailey, Jr. Encyclopedia Britannica
     Britannica.com, Inc. Retrieved from
     http://www.britannica.com
 
ERIC Documents
Basic Instructions:

Author. (date). Title (Report # if needed). Publisher location:
        publisher. (ERIC document number ED #) Retrieved
        from URL

Example: Henson, R. K. (2001). Relationships between
     preservice teachers' self-efficacy, task
     analysis, and classroom management beliefs.
 
     (ERIC Document number ED450084) Retrieved      
     from http://www.eric.ed.gov
 
DVD or Movie
Basic Instructions:

Producer & Director. (Year). Title of Motion Picture
         [Motion Picture or DVD]. Country of Origin: Studio.

Example: Grazer, B., Howard, R., (Producers) & Howard, R.
     (Director).  (2002).  A beautiful mind [DVD].
     Universal City, CA: Universal.
 
Blog
Basic Instructions:

Author. (Date). Title of post [Description of form].
        Retrieved from URL

Example: DeSantis, K. (2009, September 14).  NURS 110 Fall
     2009 [Web log message]. Retrieved from
     http://kdesantis.wordpress.org
 
HELP! APA entries compiled and researched by Karen Desantis, Pace University. If you would like to provide feedback, contact us.