Design and Print Jargon

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The following are words commonly used in the print undustry.

Bleed: Printing where the color continues off the edge of the paper.

CMYK: Letters, which stand for Cyan (C), Magenta (M), Yellow (Y) and Key(black) (K). Full color printed images are made up of these component colors.

Collating: Arranging of printed sheets into the desired sequence.

Crop Marks: Printed lines on the edge of paper indicating where the paper should be cut to produce the correct page size.

Digital Printing: Printing straight from electronic artwork (no plates used as with litho print). Typically printed out of four colour process. Ideal for short runs up to about the 1,000 mark.

DPI: Dots per inch, which indicate the resolution of images. The more dots per inch, the higher the resolution and the better quality the image. 300dpi is the ideal resolution for print.

Duplex: Printing on both sides of a sheet of paper. Term applies to digital printing presses.

Dummy: A sample of a proposed job made up with the actual materials and cut to size to show bulk etc.

Finishing: All operations after printing (i.e guillotining, folding, binding, etc).

Four Color Process: Full color printing using four constituent colors: Cyan (C), Magenta (M), Yellow (Y) and Key(black) (K).

Four - Up, Three - Up, Two - Up: Number of similar items printed on one sheet of paper.

Four Back Nothing: Printed four colors on one side only. (4/0)

Four Back One: Printed four colors on one side and one color on the reverse. (4/1)

Four Back Four:Printed 4 colors on both sides. (4/4)

GIF: Graphics Interchange Format. A type of file, which stores an image.

Gutter: The inside margins or blank space between 2 facing pages is the gutter. The gutter space is that extra space allowance used to accommodate the binding in books and magazines.

Insert: Leaflet or other printed material inserted loose in a publication or mailing package.

JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group. A type of file format for image files.

Laminating: A thin plastic film used on the covers of printed literature to give protection. This can be gloss or matt finish.

Monotone Print: One color print (a single color print)

PDF: Portable Document Format. A PDF is a special file type that combines, images, drawings, layouts and text into one file for easy delivery to or from the printer. PDF's provide a very useful tool for proofing purposes as what you see is what you get.

Perfect Binding: Pages of a book, which are internally glued together to give a square spine (front cover and back cover wrap around the spine).

Perforation: Running a dotted score into paper to allow the paper to be torn off easily.

PNG: Portable Network Graphics, a bitmap image format that uses lossless data compression.

Proof: A sample of work to be checked for errors in text, positioning or quality of colour reproduction. This can be in both paper and PDF forms.

Ream: 500 sheets of paper.

Resolution: Refers to the degree of detail of an image. It is usually measured in dots per inch (dpi) or lines per inch (lpi). A high resolution gives a high quality image and vice versa.

Saddle-Stitch: When the pages of a printed document (i.e. magazine) are bound together using metal staples

Sample: A model of the actual document. This can be in both paper and PDF forms.

Show Through: The degree to which printing is visible through paper. Commonly seen on lightweight papers.

Stock: Paper or card to be printed on.

Tape Binding: Pages of a book, which are glued together with an external tape to give a square spine (usually in white, black or blue color).

TIFF:Tagged Image File Format. A type of file, which stores an image.