Copyright, Peer-to-Peer (P2P), and Illegal File Sharing
Why is illegal file-sharing an issue at Pace?
Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship,” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Section 106 of the 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following... (Information from U.S. Copyright Office website)
For more information about Copyright see :
COPYRIGHT BASICS from the U.S. Copyright Office at the Library of Congress. The U.S. Copyright office provides all copyright forms for applying for a copyright, circulars and factsheets for information about copyrights and the process, and reports or studies or reports about copyrights.
Copyright & Intellectual Property Policies by the Association of Research Libraries
For more information about Copyright and Fair Use @ Pace University see: Copyright and the Online user
What is Peer-to-Peer (P2P)?
What are the dangers of using P2P?
What are the consequences if I get caught?
Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, downloading or uploading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes an infringement.
Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties. In general, anyone found liable for civil copyright infringement may be ordered to pay either actual damages or "statutory" damages affixed at not less than $750 and not more than $30,000 per work infringed. For "willful" infringement, a court may award up to $150,000 per work infringed. A court can, in its discretion, also assess costs and attorneys' fees. For details, see Title 17, United States Code, Sections 504, 505.
Willful copyright infringement can also result in criminal penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years and fines of up to $250,000 per offense.
For more information, please see the Web site of the U.S. Copyright Office at www.copyright.gov, especially their FAQ's at www.copyright.gov/help/faq.
1211 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036 USA
Attention: Piracy Enforcement - DMCA Officer
November 15, 2008
To Who It May Concern:
I am an authorized representative of the Entertainment Software Association ("ESA"), which represents the intellectual property interests of twenty-four (24) companies that publish interactive games for video game consoles, personal computers, handheld devices and the Internet.
ESA is providing this letter of notification pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act and 17 USC Sec. 512 (c) to make Pace University aware of material on its network or system that infringes the exclusive copyright rights of one or more ESA members. This notice is addressed to you as the agent designated by Pace University to receive notifications of claimed infringement, as so reflected in the current records of the U.S. Copyright Office. Under penalty of perjury, we hereby affirm that the ESA is authorized to act on behalf of the ESA members whose exclusive copyright rights we believe to be infringed as described herein.
ESA has a good faith belief that the Internet site found at 126.96.36.199 continues to infringe the rights of one or more ESA members by offering for download one or more unauthorized copies of one or more game products protected by copyright, including, but not limited to:
The unauthorized copies of such game product[s] appearing on, or made available through, such site are listed and/or identified thereon by their titles, variations thereof, or depictions of associated artwork (any such game titles, copies, listings and/or other depictions of, or references to, any contents of such game product, are hereinafter referred to as "Infringing Material"). Based on the information at its disposal on 11/15/2004 at 5:05 a.m. EST (GMT -0500), ESA believes that the statements in this Notice are accurate and correctly describe the infringing nature and status of the Infringing Material.
Accordingly, ESA hereby requests Pace University to immediately remove or disable access to the Infringing Material at the URL address identified above.
Should you have questions, please contact the ESA at the above listed mailing address or by replying to this email. Please also include the above noted Reference Number in the subject line of all email correspondence.
We thank you for your cooperation in this matter. Your prompt response is appreciated.
Robert L. Hunter, IV
Entertainment Software Association
Infringing Work: Halo
First Found: 15 Nov 2004 05:05:58 EST (GMT -0500)
Last Found: 15 Nov 2004 05:05:58 EST (GMT -0500)
IP Address: 188.8.131.52
IP Port: 49508
What are the legal alternatives to P2P?
- amazon MP3
- AOL music
- Rhapsody in Yahoo! music
Websites of interest: